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KRAS, also called p21, is a member of the Ras superfamily of proteins. It is located on human chromosome 12, and contains four coding exons and a 5' non-coding exon (PMID: 12778136). KRAS is a membrane-anchored guanosine triphosphate/guanosine diphosphate (GTP/GDP)-binding protein and is widely expressed in most human cells. Like other members of the Ras family, the KRAS protein is a GTPase, and it is involved in intracellular signal transduction and mainly responsible for EGFR-signaling activation (PMID: 19117687). KRAS mutations have been found in various malignancies, including lung adenocarcinoma, mucinous adenoma, ductal carcinoma of the pancreas and colorectal carcinoma. KRAS has two isoforms, a and b. This KRAS antibody (12063-1-AP) has weaker cross reaction to HRAS and NRAS.